Complete Web Development Roadmap

What is a Web Developer?

Those websites that you find on the internet are created by web developers. He is a person that creates websites for products or services. A full-stack developer can do both the front-end and the back-end parts of web development. The front-end deals with the design and structure of the website whereas the back-end is working on the website by processing and storing the data.

What is a Web Developer

They are the most heavily paid professionalsMost Software Engineers go for web development. You will find this field in demand everywhere, regardless of the situation, whether it is office-based or remote work. This field requires enthusiasm, endurance, and keenness to learn every day and explore technology. Before we start this journey in this particular field, don’t you think you should know why do you want to pursue this career?

In this article, we will discuss the Roadmap of Web Development in 2023. Following are the step-by-step processes:

  1. Technology selection on which you desire to work.
  2. Frontend Part
  3. Backend Part
  4. Database
  5. Version Control System
  6. Build Projects

1. Technology Selection

A full-stack developer knows front-end, back-end, and database management. Technology selection on which you desire to work depends on entities, requirements, and applications. Following are some of the famous technologies used for web development:

Technology Selection

MERN Stack Development– The most famous and trending web development technology.

  • MongoDB – Database Management.
  • Express – NodeJS framework handling GET, PUT, POST, DELETE functions.
  • React – A JavaScript library for building the actual structure (user interface) of a website.
  • NodeJS – An open-source server environment.
  1. MEAN Stack Development – As MERN works on React which is written in JavaScript, MEAN works on Angular which is written in Typescript.
  2. MEVN Stack Development – MEVN deals with Vue which is written in Typescript like Angular.

2. Frontend Development

Front-End is the User Interface of a website that deals with the website’s overall look. To get a web development professional, you should know all the elements of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

Frontend Development

  • HTML (HyperText Markup Language) – Starting with basic HTML in which you can make tables, forms, and likes while adding images and videos to create eye-catching websites. The web development phase starts with learning HTML.
  • CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) – You need to go through CSS if you want to put animation, design, and colors on your website. You can give background colors, margins, padding, font size and style, paragraph alignment, table and button designs, and much more. The most popular CSS framework is Bootstrap.
  • JavaScript – This is the web development programming language having DOM and API.

3. Backend Development

The code that runs on the server, has logic to send the appropriate data from the client and receive it from the server. Also, it includes the database which stores all of the data of the application. The server, application, and database are the main components. The code written by the web development team communicates data from the database to the browser.

Backend Development

Following are the skills you need to have to be known as a back-end developer:

  • Programming Languages – Back-end developers are required to know at least one of the programming languages like PHP, JavaScript, and Java. JavaScript would be the best choice as this can be used in both the front-end and back-end.
  • Frameworks – They are general components that improve development performance during the implementation phase. Tools and modules of the library are included that build the structure of a website. Famous back-end frameworks of 2023 are Express, Django, Ruby on Rails, etc.
  • Database – It manages the data by storing and retrieving it. The most popular database technology are MongoDB, MySQL, Oracle, SQL Server, etc.
  • Server – A system providing programs and data (involving services) is called clients over a network. This system provides the share of data between client and server including the sending and receiving of information.
  • API (Application Program Interface) – It is a set of defined rules that creates communication or acts as a pathway between two applications. Server response completes the request given by the server.

4. Database

The collection of data to manage by storing and retrieving data is called a databaseThere are two types of databases, SQL and NoSQL.


Some popular web development databases are:

  • MySQL
  • MongoDB
  • VoltDB

5. Version Control

Libraries are updated in a period creating a new version whenever they are added to each application. We would highly recommend using Git if you are working on the applications.

Following is a list of Version Control Systems popular: 

  1. GitHub
  2. GitLab
  3. Beanstalk
  4. Apache Subversion
  5. Mercurial

Version Control

Benefits of Version Control for Web Development:

  • Your code maintenance becomes easier.
  • It enables code usability when needed.
  • Updates are saved.
  • Keeps and provides the record of all the changes that were made.
  • Increases performance of the web code.
  • Collaborate and contribute to development.

6. Build Projects

When you have completed all the research and theory stuff, start doing real-life projects to get experience and become a professional full-stack web developer. If you implement the front-end for the user interface, and the back-end for the server work along with the database to handle data, then you will get perfect web skills in no time.

If you create something by yourself, you will get to know the technical concepts like front-end and back-end connection with APIs, how to manage data through a database, and many more steps involved during the development phase. Hence concluded try to build your projects to master your skills.

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